At the onset of the earthquake emergency response, J/P HRO became the official camp manager of one of the largest camps for earthquake survivors who had lost their homes. The Pétionville Camp, together with the neighboring Cité Maxo Camp, housed approximately 60,000 individuals at their peak in 2010. Since Feb. 1, 2013, and through a $8.75 million grant from the Government of Haiti and The World Bank, our Camp and Relocations Management Team has implemented a relocation process to transition the camp residents into safe, long-term housing in the surrounding neighborhoods. By the end of 2013, J/P HRO will have achieved a significant milestone in the successful relocation of all remaining camp families. Going forward, J/P HRO programs will continue redevelopment and reconstruction projects in adjoining neighborhoods, such as Delmas 32, providing displaced families and local residents a thriving, prosperous and secure community where they can return and begin to rebuild their lives.
J/P HRO’s Camp Management Team is actively involved in upholding living standards in the camps, an activity that becomes increasingly challenging as the focus of work in Haiti shifts from emergency and recovery to reconstruction and development. The team has a proactive public information program to ensure that camp residents are aware and vigilant against health risks. Social issues that are specific to camp life and the hardships imposed by harsh living conditions are also addressed. As Haiti is vulnerable to extreme weather events, such as Hurricanes Isaac and Sandy, J/P HRO has taken broad measures to mitigate risk—such as flooding, epidemic outbreaks and loss of personal valuables—and implement an effective emergency response plan. J/P HRO provides repair and rebuild emergency assistance of shelters and infrastructure to ensure the safety of the most vulnerable of camp residents. It also provides watershed management and solid waste removal. In coordination with other J/P HRO programs, our medical teams at two nearby clinics provide camp residents with access to free emergency care and primary health care for a nominal fee. Primary education for children residing in the camp, as well as those who have been recently relocated, is provided free of charge through the Ecole de l’Espoir, or School of Hope.
J/P HRO’s goal is to empower camp residents in taking leadership roles within their own community, and to coordinate efforts to ensure the safety and security of themselves and camp neighbors, as well as the needed maintenance of camp infrastructure.
Protection and Communications
As families transition to permanent homes, our Protection and Communications Team continues to provide support to all residents to ensure their wellbeing, safety and protection. This is done through direct casework assistance and awareness-raising activities, which include theater forum, workshops and health and public information campaigns. The Protection and Communication staff is also seeking to raise awareness of social and gender issues in addition to strengthening community support networks and facilitating access for vulnerable families to livelihood opportunities. The team ensures that survivors of reported cases of abuse and sexual violence have access to medical care, psychosocial support and legal aid—and are accompanied throughout these processes. They also coordinate immediate relocation packages, if necessary.
On a larger scale, the Protection and Communications Team is proactive in redressing social issues, such as child domesticity and gender-based violence. Through tent-to-tent awareness raising campaigns, trainings and workshops, the Protection and Communications Team seeks to increase both the knowledge and the capacity of community members in preventing and responding to these sensitive, yet critical issues.
J/P HRO’s Relocations Team provides the resources and assistance for residents who do not have the financial means to relocate out of camp and into a long-term, safe and secure housing option. Most camp residents lived in rented housing before the earthquake struck; therefore tailored solutions are required to fit the individual needs of each family. J/P HRO offers each family one of three types of packages: a rental subsidy, house retrofit or house reconstruction. The Relocations Team validates ownership and safety of housing options prior to distributing subsidies. Six weeks after a family has relocated from camp, a check is conducted to guarantee that the camp resident or family is safely established in the same house and reintegrating in the new neighborhood. They are the eligible for financial training and upon completion receive an additional livelihood subsidy.
Finding Home in 2013
Relocations team expanded significantly to scale up for and achieve an important milestone: the successful transition of all remaining camp families into local neighborhood housing.
- Since Feb. 1, 2013, and through a $8.75 million grant from the Government of Haiti and The World Bank, our Camp and Relocations Management Team has implemented a relocation process to transition the remaining people living in the Pétionville and Cité Maxo displacement camps, which had an original population of 60,000
- By the end of 2013, J/P HRO will have achieved a significant milestone in the successful relocation of all remaining camp families.
- In 2013 and in collaboration with the J/P HRO Medical Program, 4,000 camp residents were vaccinated against cholera which has greatly contributed to the prevention of a widespread outbreak of cholera in the camp and neighboring communities